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Output Formatting

November 25, 2016

For the haters in the audience - I'll get into the .format() method sometime in the future. I come from a school of thought that you need to evolve in your understanding as languages evolved - start procedural then get into object orientation and so forth.

 

 

https://youtu.be/terky3Q6HOI

 

This is the "old" way but it's easy to understand and learn - it has its roots in the C programming language's printf function. The term output formatting refers to making data look a certain way during output. For example, if the value of a variable pi is 3.1415926, but you didn't want that much space taken up on the screen, output formatting is your friend.

 

Try the following:

 

pi=3.1415926 # sets the value of the variable pi

print(pi) # prints 3.1415926 ... duh

print("%f" % pi) # creates a template string - the %f is the 

                 # placeholder for a float 

                 # then inserts the value of the variable pi 

                 # interestingly outputs: 3.141593 (rounding?)

print("PI: %f" % pi) # shows how you can use 

                     # placeholders anywhere in a string.

output="PI: %f" # assign the template string to a variable

print(output % pi) # shows the same output as above

                   # you can use a template in a string variable

print("PI: %.2f" % pi) # the %.2f says we want 2 places 

                       # after the decimal: PI: 3.14 is output.


Look at the following interesting examples: 


print("PI: %6.2f" % pi) # outputs - PI:   3.14 

                        # notice the spaces before 3.14 

                        # it's a 6 character field width 

print("PI: %06.2f" % pi) # this time - PI: 003.14

                         # same 6 character field width

                         # but this time filled in with 0's


If you have more than one value to fill in, it needs to be in a tuple (comma separated list in parentheses)


print("Age: %i  Height: %i'%i\"" % (16,5,10))


The general format is:   %[flags][width][.precision]type 


You can use templating or output formatting for the following types: 

 Next Post: Put Two Things on the Same Line

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